Kyrgyzstanís largest cities are Bishkek in the north and Osh in the south, with one main highway connecting them that twists among and through the mountains that separate the two parts of the country. Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan's capital city, lies in the northern part of the country within Chui oblast (province).

Estimates of its population vary between 500,000 and 1 million, and it has changed rapidly since Kyrgyzstan's independence. It now has many internet cafes and swank restaurants geared toward foreign expats, "connected" Kyrgyz citizens, and the growing educated middle-class. Bishkek has a number of large museums, central squares, an extensive transportation system and even an English-language newspaper.

Bishkek is easily accessible through Manas International airport through numerous air connections. The land connection from Almaty which crosses the Kazakh border takes less than 3 hours and for the more adventurous, land routes from China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan are beautiful and worth the slight hassle.